Nuts are hard-shelled fruit of certain trees, including acorns (oak tree), cashews, chestnuts, and filberts or hazelnuts. Almonds, Brazil nuts, pecans, pistachios, & walnuts are generally considered nuts, although they are not true nuts. Peanuts are also thought of as nuts, although they do not come from trees and grow underground, produced by small flowering plants.
Harvest season in the LV: fall
Growing conditions: Most nut trees do best in well-drained soil high in organic matter.
Pollination: Many nut trees do not self-pollinate and require another variety to develop fruit.
Cooking/Preparation required: Many nuts are eaten raw, with or without salt. Can also be lightly roasted or made into nut butter, although cooking does reduce the nutritional value.
Fertilizers or pesticides: Commercially-available nuts may be high in pesticides, so look for organically-grown nuts.
Nutrients: Nuts are high in calories and essential fats & amino acids. Many nuts are good sources of vitamin B2 & E, folates, fiber, and minerals.
Nutrient content can vary greatly depending on soil conditions, with organic methods and a soil rich in organic matter generally producing the best results.
‘Dirty Dozen’ or ‘Clean Fifteen’ ratings do not necessarily apply to produce grown on local farms — you need to check with the farmer to determine if and when any fertilizers or pesticides were applied.