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Muskmelon – food facts

Muskmelon (also known as American Canteloupe) is a popular home garden and commercial crop, distinguished from other cantaloupe by its net-patterned skin. Native to Greece, Iran (Persia), and Armenia; probably brought to the Americas by the Spanish invaders.

Related:  Casaba, Crenshaw, & Honeydew melons, Watermelon

Growing season in the LV: Muskmelons require 70 to 100 frost-free days and will tolerate no frost. LV harvest in August & September

Growing conditions:  Soil rich in organic matter, pH 6.0–7.0, basically neutral or very slightly acidic.

Pollination: honeybees

Cooking/Preparation required: Cut & serve!

Fertilizers or pesticides:  None needed; commercial production often uses a variety of pesticides at different stages of growth. Muskmelons (‘cantaloupes’) are on EWG’s ‘Clean 15‘ list.

Nutrients: Vitamin A (beta-carotene) & C, potassium, antioxidants (polyphenols). (Although muskmelon’s antioxidant density is lower than some fruits, it is usually consumed in larger quantities.)


Nutrient content can vary greatly depending on soil conditions, with organic methods and a soil rich in organic matter generally producing the best results.

‘Dirty Dozen’ or ‘Clean Fifteen’ ratings do not necessarily apply to produce grown on local farms — you need to check with the farmer to determine if and when any fertilizers or pesticides were applied.