Additional Links & Resources listed by the NY Department of Health Temperature of In-filled Synthetic Turf Athletic Fields Adamson, C, Feature Research: Synthetic Turf Playing Fields Present Unique Dangers; University of Missouri, Columbia, College of Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources, http://cafnr.missouri.edu/research/turfgrass.php McNitt S., Petrunak D., … [Read more...] about Additional Sources & Links from NY Health Department
Focus on Pages
The "Focus On" section provides in-depth information and opinion on many facets of sustainability. (Although these topics may appear quite distinct and separate, it’s important to remember that they are interconnected and interdependent in multiple ways — in general, the 4 basic principles of ecology apply to all complex systems.)
When you select a Focus On… topic, the system will select all the articles and posts in that category with the most recent pages at the top, just under a brief introduction to the topic. (Many articles appear in multiple categories.)
Background & detail information is organized into the main categories listed in the left sidebar.
Most school districts have a wellness policy that addresses multiple aspects of student health, often including both food and physical activity. This section deals with food, lunchtime environment, and the importance of the precautionary principle. Healthy School Food Lunchtime Environment Precautionary Principle in Wellness Policies [More information to be added … [Read more...] about School Wellness Policies
In addition to meeting the nutrition requirements of the USDA, school food should also follow the 'first principle of care', which is to do no harm. We believe this requires food that is raised without the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers or pesticides, since these chemicals cause harm to people in the communities where the food is raised and to those who eat it. In … [Read more...] about Healthy School Food
Following are the principal sources we used to prepare these pages, with updated information added as it becomes available. Reports, Fact Sheets, & Scientific Studies Synthetic Turf – Industry’s Claims Versus the Science – A Careful Analysis Of Studies That Industry Uses to Justify Safety Claims [Environment & Human Health, North Haven CT] Athletic Playing Fields … [Read more...] about Sources & Links for More Information on Synthetic Turf
The 'grass's synthetic turf (also known as artificial turf) is plastic, usually high-density polyethylene, polypropylene, or nylon. The tufts of grass are attached to a blanket or membrane and supported by the infill material. Some turf systems use little coils of polyethylene or nylon (sometimes called ‘thatch’) to provide additional support. The pesky little … [Read more...] about What Is Synthetic Turf?
Synthetic turf marketers sometimes claim that their fields require little or no maintenance, but proper maintenance is essential for playability and for the full usable life of the field. Minimal maintenance includes regular brushing, returning loose infill to the playing surface, and brushing to level the surface after games or heavy rain. Regular brushing – brushing is … [Read more...] about Maintenance & Upkeep
Another surprise for us was that we learned that most professional athletes prefer to play on natural grass rather than artificial turf. A survey of NFL professional football players found that: 84% of players believe that injuries are less likely on natural turf 91% experience less fatigue & soreness on natural turf 92% believe artificial turf shortens their … [Read more...] about What do athletes think?
Synthetic turf does not cause infections, but turf burns and other minor abrasions open the door for infectious bacteria. Sports Turf NorthWest reports that synthetic turf can become contaminated with bacteria and may need to be disinfected regularly. One drug-resistant bacterium is methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus [‘MRSA’]. MRSA is not rare, but is dangerous if … [Read more...] about Antibiotic-Resistant Infections & Turf Burns
In addition to the health & safety concerns for athletes, synthetic turf raises environmental concerns: Both the grass and the infill are made from toxic products and will wind up in landfills when the fields need to be refurbished (10–12 years); they are not biodegradable, so they will continue to leach toxins into the environment for centuries;The infill material … [Read more...] about Environmental Pros & Cons
The following recommendations are based on understanding the risks created by playing on or near synthetic turf. Compiled from advice on several health & sport-specific sites, they can help reduce — but not eliminate — some of the serious health & safety risks discussed in the health pages. The best advice is to avoid playing on synthetic turf whenever … [Read more...] about Play It Safe – for athletes, parents, and institutions