Waste threatens to overwhelm natural ecosystems and the health of people and other life, primarily because our society produces so much waste in the form of short-lived or single-use materials and products that do not lend themselves to re-use or even recycling. And the problem of too much ‘stuff’ is multiplied by the volume of excess packaging.
If we recycle 100% of the recyclable materials and compost as much as possible, that will help — but will not solve the waste problem. Back in the early days of the environmental movement, someone coined the phrase ‘Reduce – Reuse – Recycle’ — and intentionally put recycling in 3rd place.
Following are the principal sources we used to prepare these pages. Reports, Fact Sheets, & Scientific Studies David R. Brown. Artificial Turf. Environment & Human Health (2007). Phyllis Swebilius. More studies needed on artificial turf fields, EPA says. New Haven … more
In addition to the health & safety concerns for athletes, synthetic turf raises environmental concerns in two ways: Both the grass and the infill are made from toxic products and are not biodegradable; and The infill material releases harmful gases and … more
Synthetic turf does not cause infections, but turf burns and other minor abrasions open the door for infectious bacteria. At the same time, Sports Turf NorthWest advises that synthetic turf can become contaminated with bacteria and may need to be … more
Another surprise for us was that we learned that most professional athletes prefer to play on natural grass rather than artificial turf. A survey of NFL professional football players found that: 84% of players believe that injuries are less likely … more
The “grass” is made from plastic, usually high-density polyethylene, polypropylene, or nylon. They are attached to a blanket or membrane, and supported by the infill material (usually coarser at the bottom with finer particles in the top layer) that holds … more
Proper maintenance is essential for playability and also prolongs the usable life of the field. Regular brushing is essential for a good playing surface. Without proper maintenance, the ball can roll unevenly, gain or lose speed, or bounce unpredictably. Infill … more
Most trains reach their destinations safely, of course. Derailments are not common, but— but when a train carrying explosive crude or natural gas does derail and catch fire, the results can be disastrous, as the photos below show. December 2013 … more
Climate and Sustainability Commitment (As adopted by the Bethlehem Area School District, 28 April 2014) “Changes to Pennsylvania’s climate are happening now. While there is uncertainty as to the extent and timing of these impacts, it is undeniable that action … more